ST. PETERSBURG: THE MARINSKY SQUARE WITH THE MONUMENT TO EMPEROR NICHOLAS I PAVLOVICH
Iosif Jean-Baptistovich Charlemagne
Signed Joseph Charlemagne and dated 1857, watercolour over pencil heightened with white. The Tsar in the uniform of the Chevaliers Gardes, is on a prancing horse, the bronze so balanced that the weight is supported by only the hind legs. The pedestal is adorned with bronze trophies and four reliefs depicting events from the life of the Emperor. At the corners are portraits of the wife and daughters of Nicholas I, depicted as Justice, Strength, Wisdom and Faith. Behind the monument to the right is the Marinsky Palace built between 1839 and 1844 by the architect Andrei Ivanovich Stackenschneider for Grand Duchess Maria Nicholaevna, the Emperors eldest daughter, whose husband, the Duke of Leuchtenburg, settled in Russia. Later the Marinsky Palace became the seat for the Council of Ministers. Iosif Charlemagne, an architect, was the son of Jean-Baptiste Baudet Charlemagne who came to Russia from Rouen on the invitation of Catherine II. His brother Karl was a sculptor and his son was the noted watercolourist Adolphe Iosifovich Charlemagne. Charlemagne shows Baropn Klodts monument two years before it was actually erected. Evidently the watercolour was intended to convey the effect of the monument in the square. Such representations of planned architectural projects were not unusual.